TYPES OF SOLIDS
TYPES OF SOLIDS
 

      Solids can be divided in to two distinct classes.

      1) Crystalline solids

      2) Amorphous solids

      CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS

      Crystalline solids have the following fundamentals properties.

1. They have characteristic geometrical shape.

2. They have highly ordered three-dimensional arrangements of particles.

3. They are bounded by PLANES or FACES

4. Planes of a crystal intersect at particular angles.

5. They have sharp melting and boiling points.

Examples:

Copper Sulphate (CuSO4), NiSO4, Diamond, Graphite, NaCl, Sugar etc

 

      AMORPHOUS SOLIDS

      Solids that donít have a definite geometrical shape are known as Amorphous Solids.

1. In these solids particles are randomly arranged in three dimension.

2. They donít have sharp melting points.

3. Amorphous solids are formed due to sudden cooling of liquid.

4. Amorphous solids melt over a wide range of temperature

5. Examples:

Coal, Coke, Glass, Plastic, rubber etc

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